Tag: Training

Book Notes – Burn The Fat, Feed The Muscle – Tom Venuto

Book Notes – Burn The Fat, Feed The Muscle – Tom Venuto

NOTES

  • If your goal is to shed fat permanently and safely without losing muscle, it’s truer to say, “Diets never work.”
  • Diets increase hunger and cravings.
  • Diets slow down your metabolism: “adaptive thermogenesis”.
  • When you cut calories, your NEAT (non-exercise activity thermogenesis) level drops. Many people already know that low-calorie diets make them lethargic.
  • Without enough fuel coming in, you’ll fatigue faster, your strength will suffer.
  • The odds of you losing fat permanently with traditional low-calorie diets are stacked against you biologically, psychologically, and environmentally.
  • The beginning of a habit is like an invisible thread, but every time we repeat the act we strengthen the strand, add to it another filament, until it becomes a great cable and binds us irrevocably.”
  • The best way to destroy bad habits is to replace them with new ones, rather than trying to overcome them with willpower.
  • Cut calories if necessary as your weekly results dictate. Do it slowly and progressively in stages, not all at once.
  • The fastest way to transform your body is to eat more and burn more.
  • Training (burning more):
    • Raises your metabolic rate
    • Creates a caloric deficit without triggering the starvation response
    • Provides countless health benefits
    • Builds and maintains lean body mass
    • Increases fat-burning hormones
  • Dieting (eating less):
    • Slows down your metabolic rate
    • Triggers the starvation response
    • May be harmful to your health
    • Promotes loss of lean body mass
    • Decreases fat-burning hormones
  • Your body composition is entirely under your own control:
    • How much you eat
    • What you eat
    • When you eat
    • What type of exercise you do
    • How frequently you exercise
    • How long you exercise
    • How hard you exercise
    • Your overall lifestyle
    • Who you socialize with and allow to influence you
    • Your mental attitude
  • Don’t try to become better than someone else; become better than you used to be.
  • Losing weight is the wrong goal. You should forget about your weight and instead concentrate on shedding fat and gaining muscle!
  • ‘Skinny fat’ may be fitness slang, but it’s a real clinical condition: Researchers call it “normal weight obesity.” Where you are lean but carrying excess fat around your frame.
  • John Wooden once said, “Being average means you’re as close to the bottom as you are to the top.”
  • There is no such thing as failure—only feedback, only results.
  • Everything looks like a failure in the middle. You can’t bake a cake without getting the kitchen messy. Halfway through surgery it looks like there’s been a murder in the operating room.”
  • Don’t just follow advice:
    1. Research your own experience.
    2.  Absorb what is useful.
    3. Reject what is useless.
    4. Add what is specifically your own.
  • When gaining/losing weight: Never panic over a one-week fluctuation. The trend over time is much more revealing. Don’t get emotional about short-term results.
  • Each time you make a change, watch carefully for what happens every day during the following week.
  • Performance improves when performance is measured, so always keep score!
  • Another way to penetrate the subconscious (although much slower) is through spaced repetition.
  • By constantly repeating negative commands such as “I can’t lose weight,” your subconscious will see to it that you never lose weight.
  • The instant you notice a negative thought, immediately replace it with a positive thought, affirmation, or question.
  • Most people never reach their full potential because they don’t believe it’s possible, so they don’t even try.
  • He who chases two rabbits catches neither.
  • Whatever idea is fixed in your subconscious will always express itself in physical form: behaviors and results.
  • Experimental and clinical psychologists have proven beyond a shadow of a doubt that the human nervous system cannot tell the difference between an actual experience and one imagined vividly and in detail.” – Dr. Maltz
  • When losing weight, use a maximum calorie deficit of 30 percent below maintenance.
  • The people with the best bodies in the world are meticulous about tracking calories.
  • Establish a foundation first (follow a program/diet), then experiment, adjust, and customize.
  • Remember the 80‒20 rule. That’s the efficiency principle, which says that 20 percent of your actions—the vital few—will produce the majority of your results. The other 80 percent—the trivial many—is minutiae.
  • When you see nutrient recommendations for the general population, keep in mind that the average person is not training and that minimum and optimum nutrition needs are two different concepts.
  • Fats to avoid: hydrogenated, partially hydrogenated, and trans-fatty acids.
  • Oils are, by nature, unstable substances that go rancid quickly with exposure to light and air.
  • Potatoes had the highest satiety index score of all the foods tested by far.
  • As you become dehydrated, your body’s core temperature increases.
  • Save the drinking for weekends, or even less often—only for holidays and special occasions (you might enjoy it more that way).
  • Track everything: structure, numbers, and timing develops discipline and attention to detail. I believe these are major factors that separate people with average bodies from people with the best bodies in the world.
  • When you’re disciplined about eating, you become disciplined about training and other areas of life as well.
  • We often use the words “good foods” and “bad foods” as figures of speech, but in reality food doesn’t fall neatly into these two categories.
  • Cook in bulk.
  • Most (the leanest people) have two or three favorite meal plans—a total of 10 to 15 different favorite meals—and they rotate those over and over.
  • Diets can actually make you a smaller version of your old self—weighing less, but still flabby and weak.
  • Paradoxically, it’s often the busiest people who get more done than anyone else, because their schedule forces them to become masters of productivity and because of momentum. – How you do anything is how you do everything.
  • Progressive overload (more volume, more weight, more sets, more reps etc.) is the number one principle of all successful training programs.
  • Sometimes you’ll make fast strength gains and increase the weight every workout. At other times, you must be patient and move up one rep at a time.
  • The bad news about plateaus is that they’re common. In fact, you should expect them. You’re more likely to zigzag your way to your goal, with sticking points and good weeks and bad weeks, than you are to shoot to your goal in a straight line without a hiccup.
  • Your body will forever be adapting to everything you throw at it and you will always be working against your body’s tendency to remain the same.
  • I’ve always found that the more complex you make your training and nutrition, the more confused you get. Simpler is better.

I found the nutrition and strength training advice in this book very applicable to other area’s in life. I therefore recommend this book even to people moderately interested in having an improved physique. If you liked these notes, you can support my blog by purchasing the full book on either:
Bol.com: Burn The Fat, Feed The Muscle on Bol.com
Amazon: Burn The Fat, Feed The Muscle on Amazon
Check out this book on Goodreads. I rated it 4 out of 5.
Book Notes – Starting Strength – Mark Rippetoe

Book Notes – Starting Strength – Mark Rippetoe

NOTES

  • “exercise is substitute cave-man activity, the thing we need to make our bodies, and in fact our minds, normal in the 21st century. And merely normal, for most worthwhile humans, is not good enough.”
  • “Our strength, more than any other thing we
    possess, still determines the quality and the quantity of our time here in these bodies.”
  • “Properly performed, full-range-of-motion barbell exercises are essentially the functional expression of human skeletal and muscular anatomy under a load.”
  • “A straight vertical line is also the most efficient bar path for a barbell moving through space in a gravitational framework.”
  • For the squat and the deadlift that means: “Weight is moved most efficiently directly over midfoot”.
  • “There is simply no other exercise, and certainly no machine, that produces the level of central nervous system activity, improved balance and coordination, skeletal loading and bone density enhancement, muscular stimulation and growth, connective tissue stress and strength, psychological demand and toughness, and overall systemic conditioning than the correctly performed full squat.”
  • Lower position of the squat:
    • The spine will be held rigid in lumbar and thoracic extension.
    • The bar will be directly over the middle of the foot.
    • The feet will be flat on the ground at the correct angle for the stance width.
    • The thighs will be parallel to the feet.
    • The hip joint will be in a position lower than the top of the patella
  • Use your hips! “The complete concept of the correct use of the hips in the squat is best understood as the use of both an actively locked lumbar extension and actively shoved-out knees, resulting in a below-parallel squat that incorporates a stretch reflex, using all the muscles of the posterior chain in the most optimal way possible. This movement pattern gets the thighs out of the way of the pelvis so that good depth can be more easily obtained. At the same time, it makes the squat stronger because the active use of the external rotators holds the femurs in a position that enables both the external rotators and the adductors to contribute to hip extension. This hip extension produces a more effective use of more muscles over a wider range of motion.”
  • “For example, if you are tall with very long femurs and relatively narrow shoulders, you need a wider stance than is usually recommended.”
  • “A mirror is a bad tool because it provides information about only one plane of the three: the frontal, the one that gives you the least information about your position and your balance. The most important reason to squat without a mirror in front of you is that you should be developing your kinesthetic sense while you squat.”
  • “As a general rule, the more of the body involved in an exercise, the better the exercise. The press produces strength in the trunk muscles – the abs, obliques, costals, and back – as well as in the shoulders and arms. It trains the whole body to balance while standing and pressing with a heavy weight in the hands and overhead. It uses more muscles and more central nervous system activity than any other upper-body exercise.”
  • In the (shoulder) press: “Lean back slightly by pushing your hips forward. This slight movement must not be produced by bending the knees or the lumbar spine. Rather, the movement is a function of only the hips. Without the bar and with your hands on your hips, push your pelvis forward and back a few times, keeping your knees and your low back locked in position.”
  • “You will have to take a new breath before each rep, at least for a while, or you risk a “blackout” at heavier weights.” – Unfortunately I have experienced this once in the form of an exertion headache.
  • “For the vast majority of lifters, the deadlift should be an essential part of training. It is the primary back strength exercise, and it is an important assistance exercise for the squat and especially for the clean (for which it is an important introductory lesson in position and pulling mechanics). The deadlift also serves as a way to train the mind to do things that are hard.”
  • “The deadlift starts at the mechanically hardest part of the movement and requires the lifter to generate the entire explosion necessary to break the bar off of the floor and get it moving up, without any help from a negative or anything else.”
  • Deadlift grip: grip the bar in the hook of the fingers, not in the meat of the palm. Otherwise the bar will slide down.
  • “In the squat and deadlift: The back muscles and the hamstrings are in a war for control over your pelvic position, and the lower back must win.”
  • The five steps for a perfect deadlift.
    1) Take the correct stance.
    2) Take your grip on the bar.
    3) Drop your shins forward to touch the bar, pushing your knees out slightly and without dropping your hips.
    4) Squeeze your chest up, with your weight on the mid-foot.
    5) Drag the bar up the legs.
  • “Because our muscles can contract only a small percentage of their length, our skeletal system is composed of levers that multiply the distance of their contraction at the expense of an increased force production requirement.”
  • “The arms are not plumb in a deadlift because the lats do not attach to the arms at 90 degrees when the arms are plumb. The arms must slant back to achieve a position of stability as they hang from the shoulders.”
  • “If the back rounds during the pull, some of the force that would have gone to the bar gets eaten up by the lengthening erectors. If the weight is sufficiently heavy, the rounded back cannot be re-straightened and the deadlift cannot be locked out.”
  • “People with long femurs, long tibias, and relatively short torsos will have a more horizontal back angle and a more closed hip angle. Long arms produce a more vertical back angle. Long arms tend to mitigate the effects of a short torso.”
  • “The use of the full range of motion is therefore important for two very good reasons. First, it allows you to quantify the amount of work you do: if you hold the range of motion of an exercise constant, you are holding constant the distance variable in your work equation.”
  • “Second, full-range-of-motion exercises ensure that strength is developed in every position in which the joints can operate. Strength development is extremely specific: muscles get strong in the positions they are made to be strong in, and in precisely the way they are trained.”
  • Bench press: “Correct use of the legs and hips involves only the maintenance of chest and back position, with the force directed horizontally along the bench and not vertically up off of the bench.”
  • Bench press: “The proper position for the feet is flat against the floor so that the heels can be used as the base of the drive up the legs. As with most of the things in the weight room, your heels need to be nailed down to the floor.”
  • “The best assistance exercises are those that directly contribute to the performance of the basic movements that produce the most benefit.”
  • “Assistance exercises fall into three categories. These exercises 1) strengthen a part of a movement, as with a partial deadlift (either a rack pull or a halting deadlift); 2) are variations on the basic exercise, as with a stiff-legged deadlift; or 3) are ancillary exercises, which strengthen a portion of the muscle mass involved in the movement in a way that the basic exercise does not, as with the chin-up.”
  • “Your bench press strength doesn’t adapt to the total number of times you’ve been to the gym to bench or to your sincerest hope that it will get stronger. It adapts to the stress imposed on it by the work done with the barbell. Furthermore, it adapts to exactly the kind of stress imposed on it. If you do sets of 20, you get good at doing 20s. If you do heavy singles, you get better at doing those. But singles and 20s are very different; the muscles and nervous system function differently when doing these two things, and they require two different sets of physiological capacities, and thus cause the body to adapt differently.”
  • “Exercise follows exactly the same principle as getting a tan – a stress is imposed on the body and it adapts to the stress, but only if the stress is designed properly. You wouldn’t lay out for 2 minutes and assume that it would make you brown, because 2 minutes isn’t enough stress to cause an adaptation.”
  • “As a general rule, you need to try to add weight to the work sets of the exercise every time you train, until you can’t do this anymore. This is the basic tenet of “progressive resistance training,” and setting up the program this way is what makes it different from exercise. For as long as possible, make sure that you lift a little more weight each time.”
  • Exercise is specific: training a lift for one set will make you better at lifting one set. Sets of 20 will make you better able to do sets of 20.

These were my personal notes, which I wrote down based on my own strength training needs. The book contains far more information on the power clean and assistance exercises. If you liked these notes, you can support my blog by purchasing the full book on:
Amazon: Starting Strength on Amazon
Check out this book on Goodreads. I rated it 5 out of 5.